+38 (097) 243-01-23
Make an appointment

Causes of formation

The main causes of basal cell carcinoma include prolonged exposure to the sun, exposure to high temperatures and ionizing radiation, and exposure to carcinogenic substances. It is most common in people over fifty years old, but in very rare cases it can appear in children and adolescents. It occurs with the same frequency in men and women. Basal cell carcinoma usually occurs on open skin, usually on the face, neck, and scalp. The nasolabial folds, wings of the nose, upper lip, inner and outer corners of the eyes are most often affected.


The following types of basal cell carcinoma are distinguished:

  • Nodular basalioma is an exophytic, round, pink tumor that bleeds easily. There is an indentation in the center of the node.
  • Flat basal cell carcinoma is a plaque-like neoplasm with raised, roller-like clear edges.
  • Superficial basal cell carcinoma is a pink spot with raised edges and a shiny surface. It is localized on the trunk, often in the form of multiple formations. Of all forms, the most benign — it can exist for decades, only slowly increasing in size.

The most common nodular form of basal cell carcinoma, from which all other forms are formed. The tumor is often accompanied by the formation of erosions and ulcers. Does not metastasize.



In the treatment of basal cell carcinoma, its prognosis is favorable. 90% of cases of basal cell carcinoma can be completely cured, and in the case of local forms, almost 100%. In the case of advanced ulcerative forms, it is possible for a basal cell carcinoma to grow into the bones of the skull, which significantly worsens the prognosis. Skin and cartilage defects are replaced with skin plastic after tumor removal. Fast and effective methods of treatment are cryodestruction and surgical removal of the tumor. As an alternative method, however expensive, you can use specially developed local drugs that have a cytostatic, immunosuppressive, antitumor effect.

The information in the article is provided for informational purposes and is not intended as a guide for self-diagnosis and treatment.
If you experience symptoms of an illness, please consult a doctor.