About 90 million people in the world are infected with chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) every year. Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs). According to statistics, almost half of sexually active men (16-40 years old) and almost a third of women are carriers of chlamydia.
In 51% of cases, chlamydia causes prostatitis, and every fourth case of couple infertility is caused by this infection.
The number of asymptomatic cases of infections caused by chlamydia in young men and women reaches from 5 to 20%.
The reason for this spread is that in most cases chlamydia is almost asymptomatic or has mild symptoms. The carrier of the infection may not even suspect that dangerous pathogens are present in his body.
Complications of chlamydia are much worse: cystitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, erectile dysfunction, infertility, gynecological diseases of the uterus, cervix, and appendages.
In 70%-85% of cases, chlamydia is complicated by other sexually transmitted infections: syphilis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, thrush, which only increases its pathogenicity and complicates the process of chlamydia treatment.
The infection is transmitted exclusively sexually, and the risk of infection is very high - about 80%. Outside the body, chlamydia die quickly, so household infection is excluded. Infection can occur only from an infected person during sexual intercourse - it can be vaginal or anal contact.
According to studies, 20% of teenage girls are carriers of the infection in the next 3-5 years after infection. In 70% of cases, chlamydia is completely asymptomatic. In 40% of cases of nongonococcal urethritis in men, 37% of endocervicitis in women, in 37% and 49% of cervical erosion in patients, the presence of chlamydial infection was diagnosed.
The incubation period of the disease is also different - from 2 weeks to several months. The first symptoms of chlamydia (if any) appear 1-3 weeks after infection. The most striking symptoms of chlamydia are:
With an acute course of chlamydia, weakness and general signs of intoxication of the body may be observed. After some time (on average 10 days), even without treatment, the existing symptoms of chlamydia disappear or may periodically appear in the future, in a less pronounced form. Thus, the disease becomes chronic and gradually affects other organs and systems.
Complications of chlamydia in women include urethritis, cystitis, cystourethritis, vulvitis, cervicitis, endocervicitis, bartholinitis, colpitis, erosion, adhesion processes, salpingitis (inflammation of the fallopian tubes), endometritis (inflammation of the endometrium), salpingo-oophoritis (a combination of inflammation of the ovaries and fallopian tubes) and others .
One of the systemic symptoms of chlamydia is Reiter's syndrome, which is characterized by damage to the eyes (conjunctivitis), inflammation of the joints (reactive arthritis), and inflammation of the urinary system.
Chronic chlamydia is the cause of infertility in women due to obstruction of the fallopian tubes, as well as the cause of miscarriages, stillbirths, premature births, and pathologies of child development. In newborns, 4-10 weeks after birth, chlamydial pneumonia develops with a chronic course without fever, with attacks of whooping cough and shortness of breath.
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method is used to confirm the diagnosis of chlamydia;
It is worth noting that chlamydia examination, as well as treatment, should be done by both sexual partners, even if one of them has no complaints or visible signs of infection.
Treatment of chlamydia in women and men is carried out according to an individual scheme that takes into account the nature of the pathological process, its severity and duration, the resistance of the causative agent to antibiotics, the presence of concomitant infections and damage to other organs and systems.
Today, the main methods of treating chlamydia in women and men are etiotropic therapy (treatment with antibiotics).
After the end of the chlamydia treatment course, after 30 days, control tests for chlamydia are carried out.
In case of recurrence of the disease, an additional course of therapy is carried out. If repeated analyzes showed the absence of pathogens, it is enough to undergo a preventive examination once a year.
Can chlamydia be completely cured? Chlamydia can be considered cured in the absence of a clinical picture and visible signs on the external and internal genitals.
You should not use folk remedies and recipes as a way to protect against chlamydia. They are not effective, because even using a condom does not give a 100% guarantee that you will not get infected. In addition, too frequent use of douching and other means of this kind can disrupt the natural microflora of the vagina and cause many related problems.
The best prevention is maintaining immunity at an appropriate level and regular visits to a gynecologist. Therefore, if you are not sure about the health of your sexual partner, to calm your own nervous system, regularly undergo a comprehensive examination for STDs, in particular for chlamydia. You can undergo a similar examination in Lviv at the Leoderm clinic.
In addition, married couples planning to have a child can undergo comprehensive examinations at the clinic. When sexually transmitted infections, in particular chlamydia, are detected, complex treatment of both partners is carried out.
You can make an appointment using the contact phone numbers. We will schedule a consultation at a time convenient for you. Anonymity and correct attitude are guaranteed. Entrust your health to professionals.